Effects of programs and policies on reducing child labour
The World Bank’s review of 31 impact evaluations finds that reducing household vulnerability tends to have a positive effect on child labour. In particular, transfers (conditional or not, in cash or in kind) reduced child labour in most cases. However, the authors also note the limited evidence available, especially studies that examine impact on girls’ household chores and the worst forms of children labour.
Excessive recruitment fees paid by workers in the Gulf construction industry
Research by New York University’s Center for Business and Human Rights reveals that most migrant workers in the Gulf construction industry bear the cost of their own recruitment, typically equivalent to 10-18 months of salary. The report calls on corporate clients to absorb the full cost of recruitment and Gulf governments to strengthen prosecution of brokers who violate immigration laws.
Experiences of trafficked domestic workers in the U.S.
Based on 110 cases of trafficked domestic workers in the U.S., the Beyond Survival campaign reports that 66% of survivors have experienced physical or sexual abuse and 62% have had identity documents illegally withheld. The campaign group recommends strengthening regulation by including the sector in federal statues, improving access to legal services and holding traffickers accountable for exploitation.
The role of financial institutions in disrupting human trafficking
Drawing on government records and interviews with 15 experts from financial institutions and law enforcement agencies, the Royal United Services Institute highlights the financial sector’s role in disrupting human trafficking crimes. Success relies heavily on cross-sector sharing of intelligence to ensure relevant screening and investigations into suspicious clients and financial transactions.
Evolving nature of human trafficking in Cebu City, Philippines
Researchers in Cebu City examine the downward trend in the number of human trafficking victims identified by the authorities, 94% of whom are women and 18% are children. Increased law enforcement activities in Cebu City may have led to the growth of cottage industries in surrounding areas, including home-based brothels and web porn businesses.
The Ethical Trading Initiative’s course on the Modern Slavery Act is running in June and November 2017. Click here to sign up.
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