Welcome to the Slavery Research Bulletin, designed to provide busy readers in the anti-slavery community with a succinct monthly update on new and interesting research.
Making migration safer
What makes individual migrants more likely to have a positive migration experience, and what leads to negative outcomes? The London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine reviewed the state of the evidence and identified broad influences (e.g. age), but found that little is known about specific risk and protective factors.
Meanwhile, the International Centre for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD) have assessed the effects of the Syrian war and refugee crisis on trafficking in Syria and the surrounding regions. Key factors that influence vulnerability relate to difficulties in obtaining legal status and authorisation to work in host countries.
The Pro-Act project from FairWork, FLEX and ADPARE in the Netherlands, the UK and Romania have published work highlighting the role of pro-active labour inspection, migrant communities and national help-lines in identification of trafficking for labour exploitation.
Internal labour migration in Myanmar
The ILO have surveyed over 7,000 internal labour migrants in Myanmar to identify patterns in migration, human trafficking and forced labour. 60% report working seven days a week, and respondents from all industries report dangerous working conditions.
US anti-trafficking efforts
The National Institute of Justice have published a review of anti-trafficking efforts in the US. The report also combined a public opinion survey of 2,000 Americans showing that most people were concerned about the issues of trafficking – but many held incorrect beliefs, including that trafficking victims are always female (92%) and that it involves illegal immigration (62%).
If you have feedback or suggestions, please contact Dr. Zoë Fortune, the Freedom Fund’s Senior Research & Evaluation Officer.
Credit: Brent Lewin © The Freedom Fund