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Slavery Research Bulletin: 15 February 2020

February 15, 2020 / Blog, Bulletin Nuri Weitzman

Welcome to the Slavery Research Bulletin, the Freedom Fund’s monthly brief designed to bring you new & compelling research from the global anti-slavery movement.

Underpaid care work and global inequality

A report by Oxfam warns that economic inequality is worsening and despite the vital work that women and girls do – their efforts are systemically undervalued. Aside from unpaid work inside their own homes, women and girls are routinely underpaid as domestic workers helping to take care of other people’s families. It is estimated that there are 3.4 million domestic workers globally who are in forced labour and being deprived of $8 billion annually in due wages.

Sexual exploitation of children in Nepal

Nepal ranked 39 out of the 60 countries in the Economist Intelligence Unit’s Out of the Shadows Index, which measures how nations respond to child sexual exploitation and abuse. ECPAT’s briefing paper explains that Nepal’s low ranking is due to an uncoordinated national policy framework on child sexual exploitation that includes loopholes and inconsistencies, hampering efforts to tackle this crime.

Does child marriage matter for economic growth?

A working paper by the International Monetary Fund quantifies the relationship between child marriage and economic growth, using data from 112 countries. The authors estimate that if child marriage ended today, the long-term annual per capita real GDP grown in emerging and developing countries would increase by 1.05 per cent.

Migrant workers remain vulnerable in Qatar despite reforms

According to Human Rights Watch’s latest World Report 2020, migrant workers in Qatar are still at high risk of abuse despite a range of promised reforms. Although the Qatar government announced in October 2017 to end the kafala system, elements of the system remain largely intact today and employers continue to have excessive control over migrant workers, including the power to stop workers from leaving the country.

Survivors’ experiences of shelter care and community reintegration

A paper in Forum: Qualitative Social Research explores the experiences of human trafficking survivors in Cambodia as they transition from shelters to living in the community. Drawing on longitudinal interviews conducted with 79 survivors between 2011 and 2016, the findings highlight the importance of client decision-making in planning for their own care and reintegration.

Read on…

  • A report by Redress and the Child Rights International Network explores why litigation has been underused to address child sexual abuse by UN peacekeepers.
  • An article in the Columbia Journal of Law and Social Problems examines the potential for exploitation of “gig-economy” workers, using Uber as a case study.
  • A paper in the Prison Journal reveals how sex workers in China are routinely detained and exploited for cheap labour in custody education centres.

And finally…

Watch Bonded: a short film which follows Tara, one of the community leaders in our northern India program, as she works village-by-village to liberate people trapped in bonded labour.

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research@freedomfund.org.

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